You are here

Latvia Wiki

International country abbreviation: LV
National symbols: red-white-red flag, small coat of arms, big coat of arms
Foundation: 18 November 1918

Location: Latvia is located in the north-western part of Europe by the Baltic Sea
Territory:  64 589 sq km or 24 938 sq m
National anthem: Dievs, svētī Latviju! (God, Bless Latvia!)
Government: parliamentary republic
Parliament: Saeima with 100 members elected by the people
President: Andris Bērziņš (since 8 July 2011)

Population and Territory

Official language: Latvian
Population: 2 274 700 (as of 07.2007)
Capital: Riga (population –723

931)
Administrative division: 109 counties and 9 republican cities
Cultural-historical division: 4 regions – Vidzeme, Latgale, Kurzeme and Zemgale
Largest cities: Riga, Daugavpils, Jelgava, Jūrmala, Liepāja, Rezekne, Ventspils
Biggest port cities: Ventspils, Riga, Liepāja
Ethnic groups: Latvians -–59.0 % (1 348 344), Russians – 28.3 % (646 567), Byelorussians – 3.7 % (85 434), Ukrainians – 2.5 % (57 794), Poles – 2.4 % (54 831), Lithuanians – 1.4 % (31 034), other – 2.1 % (as of 01.04.2007)
 

Other information

Currency: euro (EUR), 1 euro = 100 cents
Time zone: GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) +2, from April to November – GMT +3
Internet domain: .lv
International phone code: +371
Electricity standard: 220 volts mainstream; European standard 50 hertz plugs are used
Official portal: www.latvia.lv

Weather in Latvia
Learn more

Weather in Latvia

Both ends of the year are white, and the middle is green - this is how national poet Ojārs Vācietis described Latvia. Because Latvia’s...
History of Latvia
Learn more

History of Latvia

“I am rich, I own everything that has happened to me” – to quote Latvian poet Māris Čaklais. And, indeed, the history of Latvia in its few...
Many different Latvian craftsmen maid brooches.
Learn more

Our values and uniqueness

It would not be an exaggeration to say that Latvia is indeed unique. Latvia’s main asset is its nature and cultural diversity and, of...
Gideon Kremer
Learn more

Famous Latvians

The people of Latvia are willing to learn, are creative and talented. Many of them have reached successes on a worldwide level, and Latvia...

Pages

Last updated: 
11.11.2014