Latvia’s treasure – history and culture

Get a feel for Latvia in capital city Riga and its 800 years of development, then travel eastwards along once vital waterway, the Daugava river. Soak up Latgale’s catholic and orthodox churches and its agricultural, industrial and military heritage.


Start your journey by absorbing 800 years of history as you wander through the narrow, cobbled streets of Vecrīga, Riga’s medieval Old Town, with churches, museums and galleries catering to all tastes secreted among its diverse facades. Count the warehouses to grasp Riga’s history as a great Hanseatic port.

By the canal, once part of Riga’s medieval fortifications, take a guided tour of the Latvian National Opera’s classic 19th century building. Imagine yourself singing an aria, discover back-stage secrets and be awed by the splendour of the restored auditorium and halls.

Stroll across green parkland to reach Riga’s ‘quiet centre’, home to magnificent Jugendstil (Art Nouveau) buildings dating back to the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Gain an insight into their history and a feel for that era at the Riga Jugendstil Museum, admiring the correspondingly ornate interiors on display. Now you understand why this area has a UNESCO heritage listing.

Time to leave the city and head upstream along its once-great waterway, the river Daugava. Just beyond Salaspils, drive across the Riga hydro-station dam to reach Dole island and the Daugava museum to dip into the river’s many-faceted history as a trade route and place to live as far back as the 9th century. Contrast life in the museum’s 1898 mansion home with that of a 19th century fisherman in the open-air recreated historic settlement.

Take a break at Ogre for the Lazdukalns Dendrology Park and climb the 100 steps to its delightful hilltop pond of water lilies and viewing platform. The park has several walking trails, including the special Swamp trail.

Evocative Koknese Castle was built by Crusader Bishop Albert in 1209 and stood on the banks of the Daugava up to the 18th century Northern War. Once on high ground, construction of the Riga hydro-dam saw the castle’s foundations disappear under the Daugava and Pērse rivers.

Just past Sielpils, take to the Daugava with Mežmalas Viking to view Oliņkalns, the Sēlpils castle mound and the river’s many rocky coves from the Lāčplēsis (Bearslayer), a river boat awash with epic heroic legends like that of its namesake.

The 13th century Krustpils Castle was the only stone castle in what is now Latgale owned by the Archbishop of Riga. Rebuilt as an opulent palace in the 19th century, today it is home to the Jēkabpils History Museum which displays a timeline of and artefacts from the edifice’s history and restoration, as well as significant regional objects.

Riverside Līvāni features the Baltic’s only Glass Museum where, in one place, you can view the complete history of the Līvāni glass factory, first mentioned in parish records in 1887, and samples of its products. Despite its remote location, the factory operated for more than 100 years.

Leave the river and head east to Preiļi for its ornate miniature castle and surprisingly lively Dolls’ Museum.

You won’t miss the stunning Aglona Basilica, as its shining white spires stand out for miles, a great help to the many believers who make the annual pilgrimage to the centre of Latvia’s Catholicism. Wonder through the huge churchyard and step inside to view its subtle pastel colouring and lavish gilded altar.

For your less spiritual needs and everything you ever wanted to know about bread and bread-making, Aglona also has a Bread Museum- tasty and educational.

Still in Aglona, feel the suffering of more recent history at the World War II Museum, explaining some of the miseries that little Latvia and its people endured at the hands of warring super powers.

Near the Aglona Basilica, on the shores of Aglona lake, stand the sculpture garden and ornamental plantings of Karaļa kalns(The King’s Hill) with sacred wooden sculptures carved in gratitude to God and Jesus.

Head south back to the river and Latvia’s second largest city Daugavpils whose History and Art Museum is located in one of its most beautiful Art Nouveau buildings adjacent to pretty Dubrovina Park. A visit to its gallery named in honour of world-renowned artist and native of Daugavpils Mark Rothko is obligatory.

Daugavpils Fortress is an impressive fortified edifice covering a total area of more than 150 hectares and is the only untouched, early 19th century fortress remaining in east Europe. The fortress’s jagged contour consists of a bulwark with eight towers, ravelins and contrgardes with other defensive structures - lunettes, redoubts and a moat. A sconce on the left bank of the Daugava protects the bridge. Inside the walls, building facades are in Empire style, although the Nikolai Gate and Water Tower are Gothic.

Travel further upriver to Naujene parish where the unique settlement and museum complex, Slutišķi Old Believers’ Village, is well worth a visit to see how deeply this version of the Russian Orthodox religion has influenced the lives and work of local residents.

Our furthest point upriver, Krāslavais already close to the Belarusian border. The attractive buildings of Krāslava’s historical centre and St Ludwig’s Catholic Church date back to the 18th and 19th centuries and are enhanced by the town’s location, nestled among three lakes and three small rivers.

Leaving the river again, head north to the Andrupene Farm Ethnographic Museum, an authentic, early 20th century farm spread over six buildings: the home, barn, pig-sty, threshing barn, sauna and forge. Tools, household items and furniture of that era create a bygone rural atmosphere.

Further north is Rēzekne, Latgale’s cultural heart and home of the Latgale Cultural Museum. Extended and modernised in 2011, it features a rich collection of Latgale ceramics, paintings and ethnographic items.

This journey ends at the Ludza Craft Centre, at the foot of an ancient castle mound, welcoming anyone wishing to learn ancient crafts in pottery, weaving and other workshops. The centre also stocks works by local artisans: folk costumes, linen and wool garments. The Exhibition hall hosts displays by regional master artisans and monthly Latgalian Green markets.

Included sights

  • Old Riga is the historical and geographical centre of Riga on the right bank of the Daugava. Old Riga covers a relatively small inner area of the...
    Rīga, LV-1050
  • Latvijas Nacionālā opera
    High-class opera and ballet productions can also be seen in Latvia. Latvia even has its own White House – that is how Latvians call the...
    Aspazijas bulvāris 3, Rīga, LV-1050
  • Riga Art Nouveau Museum is the youngest museum in Riga – its opening took place on 23 April 2009. The museum is located in an apartment...
    Alberta iela 12, Rīga, LV-1010
  • Daugavas Muzejs
    An interesting visit to a museum can be united with a picnic on Dole Island by visiting the Daugava Museum, at the gateway to the Riga HPP. The...
    Salaspils district, Salaspils parish, Doles sala, LV-2121
  • In 1209 bishop Albert ordered to replace an ancient Latvian wooden castle with a castle of stone. In 1701, during the Northern War, the castle was...
    Koknese district, Koknese parish, "Kokneses parks", LV-5113
  • Līvānu stikla muzejs
    An opportunity to see the samples of all products manufactured in the Līvāni Glass Factory during its years of operation. Līvāni Glass Factory...
    Domes iela 1, Līvāni, LV - 5316
  • Krustpils pils
    The museum is located in an architectural monument of national importance, the Krustpils castle, and is one of the oldest municipal museums in...
    Rīgas iela 216b, Jēkabpils, LV-5202
  • The Museum of Dolls was founded by the Preiļi artist and museum owner Jeļena Mihailova, who within a year’s time has managed to create 150...
    Daugavpils iela 21, Preiļi district, Preiļi, LV-5301
  • Aglona Basilica was built in the late baroque style and it is decorated with two 60 metre high towers. Every year on the 15th of August, pilgrims...
    Ciriša iela 8, Aglona district, Aglona, LV-5304
  • An invitation to a discussion about bread, the process of baking bread; tasting fresh bread, herb teas, an opportunity to purchase the Aglona bread...
    Daugavpils iela 7, Aglona district, Aglona parish, Aglona, LV-5304
  • World War II exposition (museum) is located in the very centre of Aglona town. The exposition is quite concentrated facilitating easy viewing as...
    Daugavpils iela 40, Aglona district, Aglona, LV-5304
  • Kristus karaļa kalns
    The King’s Hill is a relatively new sightseeing object opened in 2006. It is located on the shore of Egle Lake near Aglona Basilica. It is an...
    Aglona district, Aglona parish, Karaļa kalns, LV-5304
  • The historical centre of Daugavpils city is an architectural heritage of national importance (the construction work was carried out in the 19th...
    Daugavpils district, Daugavpils, LV-5401
  • Daugavpils cietoksnis
    The symbol of Daugavpils. An outstanding fortification that occupies more than 150 ha. The only early 19th century fortress in Eastern Europe that...
    Daugavpils, LV-5401
  • Slutišķi village is located in the Naujene rural district of the Daugava county situated at the foot of the Markova Castle Mound on the right bank...
    Daugavpils district, Naujene parish, Slutišķi
  • Krāslava is located near Belarusian border. The major part of the city occupies the right bank of the Daugava River and only a small part called...
    Krāslava district, Krāslava
  • The museum is a complex of buildings constructed at the beginning of the 20th century, consisting of six buildings – the dwelling house, the...
    Krāslava district, Andrupene parish, Andrupene, LV - 5687
  • Latgales Kultūrvēstures muzeja ēka
    The Latgale Culture and History Museum was established in 1959 as a branch of the Ludza Region Research Museum.
    Atbrīvošanas aleja 102, Rēzekne district, Rēzekne, LV-4601
  • The Ludza Crafts Centre represents more than 100 craftsmen. The centre offers to its visitors not only an opportunity to watch the old tools and...
    Tālavijas iela 27a, Ludza district, Ludza, LV-5701
Last updated: 06.02.2013