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Reed and bulrush have spread over huge parts of the flooded former peat extraction places, however, also maintaining rather big water fields.Therefore this is an excellent biotope for water bird nesting as well as a resting place for migrating water birds and wading birds.90 bird species were registered during one day in the middle of May in Seda marsh.
Nature reserve “Seda marsh” in the biosphere reserve of Northern Vidzeme was established in 1999 with the aim of protecting a territory appropriate for water bird nesting.It includes one of the biggest marshes in Latvia, the reserve itself is one of the biggest in the country – 7240 hectares.
Human actions have considerably changed the flora in the nature reserce.The reserve, mainly in the marshes north of river Seda, has prospects for 10 protected flowering plant species and 7 moss species, the most rare being the type of moss protected across Europe - slender green feather moss.
Seda marsh nature reserve is an almost uninhabited territory, however, a peculiar cultural landscape, shaped by the peat extraction fields, reclamation systems and a functioning narrow-gauge railway, has emerged as a result of the peat extraction.The current tourism infrastructure includes two bird watching towers at the flooded peat quarries and informative stands, construction of new bird watching towers is envisaged.
The nature reserve can be accessed by several local roads – from Seda, from motor road A3, as well as from Jerceni, Daksti in Evele parisg and Turna in Ergeme parish.