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Liepaja Holy Trinity Cathedral
The Liepaja Holy Trinity Cathedral features the world’s largest mechanical organ which has never been reconstructed, but from atop the church’s 55-meter high tower the panorama of Liepaja can be seen.
The cathedral was constructed between 1742 and 1758 in the Baroque-style with Classicism features. The cathedral’s dominating feature remains its Baroque-style decorative brilliance and charm, including light and shadow contrasts. The cathedral interior is characterized by its Roccoco features and luxurious furnishings with wood carvings and gold plating. The Trinity Cathedral once housed the congregation of the local German Lutheran community. The Duke or Courland’s private box stands to this day on the second floor of the church.
Built by one of the best organ builders of that time H.A. Contius, the instrument with 38 stops was officially handed over to the church in 1779. During the 19th century, the instrument was repeatedly enlarged, in 1885 - up to 131 stops, becoming the largest in the world at the time. It remained the largest mechanical church organ in the world until 1912, when it was overcome in size by an organ in Hamburg. The instrument still remains the world’s largest mechanical organ which has yet to be reconstructed, and the only one which still features 7,000 pipes made by Contius himself.
Organ music concerts take place at the cathedral on a regular basis, and the annual International Organ Music Festival takes place here every September.